In ancient times,people travelled on foot.Then,they invented the Wheel.It led to the development of carts.People began using horse-carts and bullock-carts to ho from one place to another.These were,however,very slow means of transport.
Slow means of transport are now being replaced by faster ones.We use buses,cars,scooters,trains,ships and aeroplanes.They help us cover distances much faster than before.
India has a well-developed network of roads,railways,airways,and waterways.
1.An efficient and developed transport system maintains cultural coherence,socioeconomic development and sovereignty of the country.
2.It helps people to make a move from one place to another and thus enhances interaction among people and human settlement.
3.It helps better understanding of people of other nations and cultural and thereby promotes emotional integration.
4.It helps in the development of agricultural sector through effective distribution of food grains and goods from the producing areas to the marketing centres without interruption.
5.It helps in the development of mining and industry through the effective distribution of raw materials from different centres to the sites of industrial units and the distribution of manufactured goods from factory sites to marketing centres.
6.It promotes feasible and compatible marketing system and encourages internal and international trade.
7.It reduces the distance between villages,regions and even communities.
8.It helps the government during external aggression,internal disturbances and natural calamities like floods,famines,droughts etc.
9.It helps of the above advantages,the transport and communications are regarded as the "Lifelines"of a country.